Tailoring the lipid composition of nanoparticles modulates their cellular uptake and affects the viability of triple negative breast cancer cells.
We show here, that the lipid composition of a nanoparticle affects its ability to internalize into triple-negative breast cancer cells. The lipid headgroup had the greatest effect on enhancing cellular uptake compared to other segments of the molecule.
“Lipid nanoparticles are used widely as anticancer drug and gene delivery systems. Internalizing into the target cell is a prerequisite for the proper activity of many nanoparticulate drugs."
The higher the concentration of nanoparticles the greater the absolute number of nanoparticles taken up per cell. However, the efficiency of nanoparticle uptake, i.e. the percent of nanoparticles taken up by cells, decreased as the concentration of nanoparticles increased. This study demonstrates that tuning the lipid composition and concentration of nanoscale drug delivery systems can be leveraged to modulate their cellular uptake.